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Term Definition
Ablation destruction (or removal) of benign,premalignant or malignant tissue by any method
Acellular dermal replacement Is a bioengineered artifical skin
Actinic keratosis common sun-induced skin lesion of the epidermis that has the potential to become skin cancer
Add-on code reported when another procedure is performed in addition to the primary procedure during the same operative session; modifier -51 (multiple procedures) is NOT used with add-on codes
Adenoids located at the rear of the nose; contain lymphoid tissue that helps fight infections
Ambulatory Health Care The care given to patients who are not confined to an institutional bed as inpatients at the time care is given. Ambulatory care is given and after a recovery time the patient is discharge without going to an inpatient status.It is subdivided into the care providing by freestanding medical organizations and care provided by hospital settings or at hospital direction. The key to understanding ambulatory care is that the patient travels to and from either the freestanding medical organization or to the hospital setting on the same day without being admitted as an inpatient. An example would be someone presenting at the hospital for a colonoscopy, normally this type of patient would be discharged the same day of the procedure.
Aneurysm Bulge in an artery that can weaken the arterial wall and eventually burst, resulting in hemorrhage.

angiogenesis growth of new capillaries
angioscopy microscopic visualization of substances as they pass through capillaries
Anoscopy diagnostic procedure during which anal mucosa and the lower rectum are visualized using an anoscope

Advance Beneficiary Notice (ABN) Form completed and signed by a Medicare beneficiary each time a provider believes a normally covered service will not be covered and the provider wants to bill the beneficiary directly for the service.
Appendix A of CPT contains a list of CPT modifiers and detailed descriptions
Appendix B of CPT contains annual CPT coding changes that include added, deleted, and revised CPT codes; it serves as teh basis for updating interoffice documents and billing tools
Appendix G of CPT Contains a summary of CPT codes that include moderate(conscious) and that are identified throughout CPT with a bulls-eye symbol.
Appendix H of CPT Contains an alphabetic index of performance measures by clinical condition or topic.
Appendix I of CPT Contains genetic testing modifiers.
Appendix J of CPT contains an electodiagnostic medicine listing of senory,motor and mixed nerves that are reported for motor and nerve studies 95900.95903 and 95904, respectively. There is also a table that indicates the "type of study and maximum number of studies" generally performed for needle electromyogram (EMG), nerve conduction studies and other EMG studies. The AMA's CPT Changes 2006:An Insider's View calls this table a "... tool to detect outliers."
Appendix K of CPT Contains a list of products that are pending FDA approval but that have been assigned CPT codes. In the CPT manual, these codes are preceded by the flash symbol
Appendix L of CPT Contains a list of vascular families that is intended to assist in the selection of first-, second-,third- and beyond third order branch arteries.
Arteriovenous fistula Abnormal passageway between an artery and a vein, which allows blood to flow directly into a vein.
Arthoscopy Visual examination of the inside of a joint
Arthrodesis Surgical fixation of a joint.
Artificial ankylosis Same as arthrodesis, surgical fixation of a joint.

Arytenoidectomy Excision of an arytenoid cartilage, which is located in the bilateral vocal fold.
Arytenoidopexy surgical fixation of arytenoidal cartilage and/or surrounding muscles. It is done to improve a patient's breathing.
Augmentation process of enlarging or increasing
Auricle the projecting shell-like structure on the side of the head constituing the external ear; also, called pinna.
Autogenous Originating in the patient's body
Autograft transplantation of tissue from the same individual
Benign a not malgnant tumor,which does not invade surrounding tissues or spread to other parts of the body.
Bipolar cautery Technique that uses an electric current that flows from one tip or the forceps to the other and does not require a grounding pad.
Blepharoplasty Any surgical repair of an eyelid.
Blood tissue that consists of plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets (or thrombocytes)
Bone Marrow spongy material that fills large bones cavities; consists of red marrow and yellow marrow
Bone marrow aspiration a procedure in which marrow tissue is obtained by application of suction through a needle attached to a syringe.
Bone marrow biopsy Boring a small hole into a long bone and using a large hollow needle to remove bone marrow for examination under a microscope
Bronchoscopy examination of the bronchi through a bronchoscope
Bullet symbol (in CPT) Located to the left of a code number, this identifies new procedures and services added to CPT.
Bull's-eye symbol (in CPT) This indicates a procedure that includes moderate (conscious) sedation; Appendix G of the CPT lists all codes with the bull's-eye symbol.
Bunion caused by bone inflammation and swelling and results in the medial deviation and axial rotation of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint.
Cancer Staging determination that cancer has or has not spread anatomically from its point of origin.
Cardiac ablation stops atrial or ventricular fibrilation by using radio frequency waves (modified electrical energy) to create small scars on the heart's surface.
Cardiac valves flap of tissue that keeps blood flowing in one direction to allow for the efficient one-way flow of blood through the hearts chambers

Category 1 codes in CPT Procedures/services identified by a five-digit CPT code and descriptor nomenclature; these are codes traditionally associated with CPT and organized into six sections.
Category II codes These are optional CPT "performance measurements" tracking code that is assigned an alphanumeric identifier with a letter in the last field; this type of code is located after the CPT Medicine section.
Category III codes "Emerging technology" temporary CPT code assigned for data collection purposes that are assigned an alphanumeric identifier with a letter in the last field; this type of code is located after the Medicine section, and it will be archieved after five years if it is not accepted for placement within Categrry I section of CPT
Cellulitis A spreading bacterial infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissues, usually caused by streptococcal or staphococcal infections in adults.
Certificate of Medical Necessity (CMN) Prescription for durable medical equipment, services, and supplies.
Cheiloplasty plastic surgery of the lips

Chemical peel Use of chemical agents to remove wrinkles and abnormal pigmentation.
Chemosurgery The use of chemicals to destroy diseased tissue, such as is used for skin cancer.
Cholecystectomy surgical removal of the gallbladder
Chyle Digestive fluid that contains proteins and fats.
Closed Fracture Treatment Fracture site that is not surgically opened or exposed.
Closed Laparoscopy Insufflation of the abdominal cavity using a percutaneously placed needle; performed to examine peritoneal contents using a laparoscope.
Cold biopsy forceps technique that does not use electrocoagulation; the polyp is simply pulled from the colon wall
Colectomy removal of part or all of the large intestine
Colostomy removal of a portion of colon or rectum' remaining colon is broughtto the abdominal wall
commissurotomy narrowed valve leaflets are widened by carefully opening the fused leaflets with a scalpel

Complex Fistulectomy excision of multiple fistulas.
Complex repair Requiring more than a layered closure. For example, revision, debridement, creation of a defect, or preparation of the site.
composite graft vein and synthetic graft material or segments of veins from two or more locations.
Comprehensive/component edits These are code pairs that should not be billed together because one service inherently includes the other.
Conscious sedation Moderate (conscious) sedation or analgesia that results in a drug-induced depression of consciousness.
Coronary artery by pass graft (CABG) A procedure performed to improve the flow of blood to the heart.
Coronary endarterectomy removal of the inner layer of coronary arteries that contain cholesterol plaques
Continent ileostomy Surgical variation of an ileostomy where a reservoir pouch is created inside the abdoment using a portion of the terminal ileum, a valve is constructed in the puch, and the stoma is brought through the abdominal wall.

Cross-over vein graft
making an incision to expose the vein's incompetent valve, dividing that section of the vein and connecting it to a nearby vein that has functioning valves.
Cryosurgery An application of extreme cold, such as liquid nitrogen, to destroy abnormal tissue cells, such as warts or small skin tumors.
Cutdown 1.the surgical insertion of a catheter into a vein, as for the administration of intravenous medication.2. reduction, or decrease.
Cystometrogram records urinary bladder pressure at various volumes; useful in diagnosing bladder outlet obstruction and other voiding dysfunctions
Cystourethroscopy Allows for the direct visual examination of the urinary bladder and urethra.

Term Definition
Decubitus ulcer An ulceration of the skin and the underlying tissue that occurs over a bony prominence.
Destruction Ablation of benign, premalignant,or malignant tissues by any method.
Diagnostic endoscopy Use of instrumentation for surgical visualization to determine extent of disease.
Diagnostic Procedure Laboratgory, radiographic, and other tests performed to evaluatge the patient's complaints or symptoms and to establish the diagnosis.
Digestive system Begins at the mouth and extends to the anus.
Diaphragm thin muscle below the heart and lungs that separates the chest from the abdomen
Diverticula small pouches (herniations) in the colon that bulge outward through weak spots
Diverticulosis presence of diverticula in the mucosa and submucosal, through or between fibers of the colon's major muscle layer.
DME MAC Medical Review Policies DMEPOS claims are submitted to the DME Medicare administration Contractors(MAC) that were awarded contracts by CMS. Each DME MAC covers a specific geographic region of the country and is responsible for processing DMEPOS claims for its specific region.
Durable medical equipment, prosthetics, orthotics and supplies (DMEPOS) Items used by a patient such as artificial limbs, braces, surgical dressings and wheelchairs. They are items that can generally be used more than once, are used for medical purposes, in a patient's home, and would not be used if the patient were not ill or injured.

DMEPOS dealer A DMEPOS dealer supplies patients with DME, and reports HCPCS level II codes to identify equipment reported on claims submitted to insurers.
direct laryngoscopy insertion of a flexible or rigid laryngoscope to visualize throat structures.
dislocation total displacement of a bone from its joint
Dual Chamber Contains two electrodes; one is placed in the right atrium, and the other is placed in the right ventricle
Electrophysiology study of heart arrythmias
Electrosurgery the use of an electrical device to destroy abnormal tissue
embolus blood clot that circulates throughout the bloodstream
Endocardium Inner lining of the heart.
Endorectal pull-through(ileoanal anastomosis) common alternative to conventional ileostomy, and is not considered an ostomy because there is no stoma
Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) Passing and endoscope through the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum to the ducts of the biliary tree and pancreas.

esophagogastroscopy direct visualization of the esophagus and the stomach
Enterectomy Resection of small bowel segments.
Enterolysis freeing of intestinal adhesions
Esophagpgastroduodenoscopy EGD Use of a fiberoptic endoscope to visualize the esophagus, stomach and proximal duodenum.

Excisional biopsy removal of a lump or suspicious area in its entirety
Embolectomy surgical removal of an embolus
Extensor tendons Tendons that serve to straightens the fingers.
External fixation device hardware inserted through bone and skin that is held rigid with cross braces outside of the body; it is always removed after the fracture has healed
Femur long bone of the thigh, articulates with the hip bone, tibia and patella
Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) Involves the removal of fluid from a cyst or cells from a solid mass. Suction is applied as the needle is withdrawn to obtain strands of single cells for cytologic diagnosis.
First order vessels extend as primary arterial branches from the aorta

Flail chest the loss of stability of the thoracic cage following multiple fractures of the ribs with or without accompanying fracture of the sternum.
Flexor tendons

Forbidden (or prohibitory) symbol symbol (a circle with a front slash inside) located to the left of the CPT codes that identify codes exempt from modifier -51
Free skin Graft Completely seperated from the donor site before being transferred to the recipient site.
Full-thickness graft removal (harvesting) of epidermis and dermis
Functional modifier pricing modifier that a third-party payer considers when determining reimbursement
Gastrectomy removal of all or a portion of the stomach
Global period Postoperative catergory for major or minor surgeries 0 to 90 days for postoperative care
Guidelines define terms and explain the assignment of codes for procedures and services located in a specific section of CPT
Graft procedures involve moving healthy tissue from one site to another to replace diseased or defective tissue.

Term Definition
Harvesting to obtain samples or remove bacteria or other microorganism from a culture.
removal of donor organs for transplantation
HCPCS level I Codes which are composed of AMA's Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes and modifers.

HCPCS level II modifiers two-digit alpha or alphanumeric codes added to any HCPCS level I (CPT) or II (national) code to provide additional information about the product or service reported

HCPCS level II permanent national codes maintained by the HCPCS National Panel which it makes their decisions about addition, revisions, and deletions of codes.
HCPCS level II temporary codes HCPCS Level II temporary codes are maintained by CMS and other members of the HCPCS National Panel, independent of permanent level II codes, and allow payers the flexibility to establish codes that are needed before the next January 1 annual update.
Heart murmur extra heart sound
Hemic system Blood- producing system.
Hepatotomy Open dranage of abscess or cyst.
Hernia protusion of internal organs through a weakening in the musculature

Hot biopsy Forceps technique that uses tweezer-like forceps connected to a monopolar electrocautery unit and a grounding pad to remove lesions or polyps.
Horizontal triangles used to indicate new and revised text
Ileostomy Removal of the colon and rectum with the small intestines brought to the abdominal wall.
Incision a cut made with a knife, electrosurgical unit or laser especially for surgical purposes (eg body tissue)
Incision and drainage (I&D) (I&D) is a form of tissue removal that involves cutting open a lesion (abnormal tissue, such as an abscess) and draining its contents (e.g., pus)
[**I am not sure who did this definition, but thanks! This one was actually assigned to me, but when I arrived her to complete it, it was already done for me! -Nicole Freeman**]

Immobilize secure bone in a fixed position.
Inferred words used to save space in the CPT index when referrencing subterms
J-pouch (see also) ileoanal anastomosis Common alternative to conventional ileostopmy, and it is not considered an ostomy because there is not stoma.

Informational modifiers clarify aspects of the procedure or service provided for the payer
Intermediate repairs Wound repair where one of the deeper layers of subcutaneous tissue and fascia are involved.
Kidney filters and cleans blood, producing urine that carries waste
Knee "Hinged" joint comprosed of bones, cartilage, ligaments, and tendons.
Lapascopy Examination of the peritoneal contents using a laparoscope that is inserted through the abdoninal wall.
laryngoscopy visualization of the back of the throat including the larynx and vocal cords
larynx voice box
Laser-assisted uvulopalatoplasty procedure that uses a laser technique to remove tissue from the uvula, soft palate, and pharynx.
laser technique Technique that is most suitable for treatment of rectal lesions and uses a waveguide to deliver the laser beam through the endoscope to the lesion
Lithotripsy See percutaneous lithotomy.

Lobectomy Removal of a single lobe of the lung
Local Coverage Determinations (LCDs) LCD's define coverage criteria, payment rules, adn documentation required as applied to DMEPOS claims processed by DME MACs for frequently ordered DMEPOS equipment, services, and supplied; formerly called local medical review policies (LMRPs).
Lumpectomy partial mastectomy

Luxation displacement or organs or articular surfaces; complete discoloration of a joint
Lymph clear fluid that contains chyle, some red blood cells, and lymphocytes, which help fight infection and disease
Lymph nodes the bean-shaped masses of lymphatic tissues that help to protect against infections, also called lymph glands.
lymphatic system consists of the spleen, thymus, tonsils, adenoids, vessels that carry lymph and lymph nodes

Medicare Carriers Manual (MAC) provides direction about services and procedures to be reimbursed by the MAC (Medicare Administrative Contractor)
Manipulation realignment of bones.
malignant (Sorry could not get this row in the right spot!) malignant is cancerous
Mastectomy, modified radical Is a total mastectomy that includes removal of the breast and nipple, axillary lymph nodes, and pectoralis minor muscle
Mastectomy, radical Total mastectomy that includes removal of the breast and nipple, pectoralis muscles (major and/or minor,) axillary lymph nodes, and internal mammary lymph nodes.
Meckel's diverticulum common congenital abnormality of the gastrointestinal tract that results in a pouch in the wall of the small bowel that contains remnants of fetal gastrointestinal tissue
Mediastinum space in the thoracic cavity between the lungs that contain the aorta, the esophagus, the heart and other structures.
Maze procedure Stops atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter by using incisions in heart tissue to stop abnormal heart rhythm
Microdermabrasion Not classifed in CPT. This is a skin freshening technique used to repair facial skin that is damaged by the sun and the effects of aging. A sandblaster device is used to spray tiny cystals across the face, mixing gentle abrasion with suction to remove the outer layer of skin.
Modified maze procedure (cardiac ablation) stops atrial or ventricular fibrillation by using radiofrequency waves (modified electrical energy) to create small scars on the heart's surface.
Moderate Sedation (conscious) Moderate sedation or analgesia that results in a drug-induced depression of consciousness.
Mohs micrographic surgery It is a minor surgical procedure and special method of removing skin cancer using local anesthesia. Also, it is a very precise and highly detailed technique whereby small layers of skin are sequentially removed and immediatelly examined under microscope. The name 'Mohs', this surgery got after his inventor, Dr. Frederic Mohs, who first described this technique in 1941.
Mutually excluse edits code pairs that, for clinical reasons, are unlikely to be performed on the same patients on the same day; two different types of testing that yield equivalent results.
Myocardium muscle layer of the heart.
National Correct Coding Initiative (NCCI) to promote national correct coding methodologies and control improper assignment of codes that results in inappropriate reimbursement of Medicare Part B claims.
National Coverage Determination An NCD sets forth the extent to which Medicare will cover specific services, procedures, or technologies on a national basis. Medical contractors are required to follow NCDs.
Needle core biopsy is obtained using a hand-operated needle or stereotactic localization.
Nephrectomy surgical removal of kidney
Nissen fundoplasty Mobilizing the lower end of the esophagus by suturing the fundus of the stomach around the circumference of teh lower esophagus at the esoohagogastric junction.
nonselective vascular catheterization introduction of a catheter into a vessel and then inserting the catheter into lesser- (or first) order vessels
Notes should be considered similar to guideliness in that they give guidance , by explaining and defining the contents of susection, and individual code.
Open biopsy can be an incisional or excisional, depending on the amount of lesion removed.
Open Fracture Treatment Fracture site that is surgically opened or exposed so that treatment can be provided.
Open transluminal arterectomy Insision is made in the skin overlying the artery, and the artery is punctured with a large needle.
Orthotics branch of medicine that deals with the design and fitting of orthopedic (related to bonde disorders) devices
Oropharynx area between the soft palate and the upper portion of the epiglottis, including the tonsils
Osteogensis Bone growth
osteotomy surgical incision into bone
pacemaker regulates the patient's heartbeat to prevent arrhythmias and includes a pulse generator and electrodes
Open laparoscopy Insufflation of the abdomen using a trocar,which is placed under direct vision (using a laparoscope) after making a small celiotomy incision.
Pacing cardioverter-defibrillator (PCD) similar to a pacemaker in that it includes a pulse generator and electrodes, but it uses a combination of antitachycardia pacing and low-energy cardioversion or defibrillating shocks to regulate the patient's heartbeat and prevent arrhythmias.
Palatopharynogplasty Surgical resection of xcess tissue from the uvula, sold palate, and pharynx to open the airway.

Patency Open and unblocked status of a blood vessel or another tube in the body.
Pedicle skin graft portion of skin graft is transferred to the recipient area and a remaining portion ( the base) is attached to the donor site so there is a vasculature and nerve supply to the recipient area.
Percutaneous lithotomy Two-stage procedure that requires a percutaneous nephrostomy and dilation of the nephrostomy tract.

Percutaneous myocardial revascularization catheter with a laser inside is inserted through an artery into the left ventricle of the heart
Percutaneous needle biopsy Insertion of a long needle through the skin and into other tissue (e.g., chest wall, lung, or mediastinum) to obtain tissue for diagnostic evaluation.
Percutaneous skeletal fixation use of an external or internal fixation device to stabilize and immobilize a fracture; types include external fixation and internal fixation
Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA)
puncturing and artery and inserting a sheath, guidewire, and guiding catheter (after removing the guidewire)
pericardium membrane that surrounds the heart; also called pericardial sac
Percutaneous transluminal artherectomy The management of coronary artery occlusion by any of various catheter-based techniques; a non-surgical procedure to open blocked coronary arteries by using a device on the end of a catheter to cut or shave away atherosclerotic plague.
Pericardiocentesis insertion of a needle to withdraw fluid from the pericardial sac.
Pericardiectomy removal of part of the pericardium (to treat chronic pericarditits)
Pericardial sac (Pericardium) Membrane that surrounds the heart; also called pericardial sac
Peristalsis wavelike motions that propel urine.
Peritoneoscopy See laparoscopy
Pilonidal cyst Entrapped epithelial tissue and hair located in the sacral area at the top of the crease between the buttocks, which can become infected.
Pleura membrane that envelopes the lungs and lines the wall of the pleural cavity
Pleural effision too much fluid collected in the pleural space;also called 'water in the lungs.'
Pneumocentesis Puncture if the pleural space with a transthoracic needle to drain fluid or to obtain material for diagnostic study
Premalignant Pertaining to tissue that is not yet malignant, but is poised to become malignant.
Pressure Ulcer ulceration of the skin and underlying tissue that occurs over a bony prominence
Prosthetics branch of medicine that deals with the design, production, and use of artificial bodyparts
Plus symbol Identifies add-on codes procedures that are commonly, but not always, performed at the same time and by the same surgen as the primary procedure. [**Once again, thank you to whoever did this definition for me...it was already completed when I came to do it. -Nicole Freeman**]

Protectomy surgical removal of the rectum
Protosigmoidoscopy visual examination of the rectum and sigmoid colon
Pyramidal Fracture (lefort II) surgical fracture of the midfacial skeleton at an apex near the superior aspect of the nasal bones.
Notice of Exclusion from Medicare Benifits (NEMB) is a form completed and signed by a Medicare beneficiary before items, procedures, and services excluded from Medicare does not cover certain items and services because they do not meet the definition of a Medicare benefit or because they are specifically excluded by law.

Term Definition
Reconstruction The surgical rebuilding of a body part, such as the breast or the knee joint.
Removal procedures performed to eliminate tissue (for example: amputations) or take something out (such as removal of implants)
Reduction realignment of bones.
Repair Procedures performed to surgically improve improperly functioning parts of the body.

Research (n) an investigation into a subject in order to discover or revise facts or theories
(v) to make researches or investigate carefully
Revision surgical modification of a previous procedure or a device
Range of Codes index code numbers for specific procedures may be represented as a single code number, a range of codes seperated by a dash, a series of codes separated by commas, or a combintion of single codes and a range of codes
excision of section of skin to eliminate wrinkles
SADMERC statistical analysis durable medical equipment regional carrier
assists suppliers and manufactures in determining HCPCS codes to be used.
Second-order vessels Branches from first -order vessels
Second Stage use of a seton to cut through the fistula; teh seton is left in place until later removal.
Segmentectomy Removal of one segment of a lobe.
Selective vascular catheterization insertion and manipulation or guidance of a catheter into the branches of the arterial system (other than the aorta or the vessel punctured) for the purpose of performing diagnostic or therapeutic procedures

Semicolon ; symbol used to save space in CPT code descriptions.
Separate Procedure Cpt code descriptions that contain the term separate procedure in parentheses are commonly performed as an integral component of a total service or procedure.

Septal defect occurs when the tissue doesn't completely close between the heart's chambers
Septum Tissue that separates the heart's left and right sides.
Seton Large silk suture or rubber bands.
Rhinoplasty repair of skin defect of the nose using harvested tissue or plastic surgery to change the nose's shape
Sigmoidoscopy visual examination of the entire rectum and sigmoid colon and may include a portion of the descending colon
Simple Closure Same as simple repair, a one-layer closure, non-layered closure, or single-layer closure of a superficial wound involving the epidermis, dermis or subcutaneous tissues. Involves the use of staples, sutures, and/or tissue adhesives.
Simple Repair Superficial, only simple one layer primary suturing required
Single chamber contains a single electrode that is positioned in the heart's right atrium or right ventricle

skeletal traction exerts a pulling force on th affected limb to realign bone or joint
Special Report a report that must accompany the claim to describe the nature, extent, and need for the procedure or service when an unlisted procedure or service code is reported.
spleen produces mature lymphocytes, destroys worn-out red blood cells and serves as a reservoir for blood
stab phlebectomy excision of a segment of a vein with a pointed instrument; also called venectomy.
stabilize secure bone in a fixed position
Staged procedure or service additional procedure that is planned prospectively at the time of the original procedure.
Stem cells Contained in bone marrow
Stented Valve includes framework on which the replacement heart valve is mounted to provide support for the valve's leaflets.
Stereotactic Localization use of specialized three-dimensional imaging to target a nonpalpable lesion
Stentless valve an actual heart valved obtained from either a human donor (homograft) or a pig:it does not contain framework.
Subcutaneous fistulectomy Removal of an anal fistula, without division of the sphincter muscle.
Subglottic stenosis Narrowing of the airway below the vocal cords, adjacent to the cricoid cartilage.
Submuscular fistulectomy Removal of an anal fistula,including division of the sphincter muscle
Subsection information Unique instructions called notes which are located just beloe the title.
Surgical destruction ablation (or removal) of tissues by any method, including chemical treatment, cryosurgery, electrosurgery, or laser.
Surgical endoscopy performed when anything in addition to visualization is performed, such as the removal of a foreign body
Surgical Package services performed that are integral to the standard of medical /surgical services, such as the cleansing, shaving, and prepping of skin ad the insertion of intravenous access for medication.
Suture Is the surgical closure of a wound, using catgut, glue, silk tread, wire, or other materials.
sympathectomy excision of a segment of the symphathetic nerve
Therapeutic apheresis Removal of blood components, cells, or plasma solute and retransfusion of the remaining components into the patient.

Therapeutic surgical procedure Performed to treat specific conditions or injuries, they include the procedure itself and normal, uncomplicated follow up.

thoracentesis surgical puncture of the chest wall with a needle to obtain fluid from the pleural cavity
Third-order (and beyond) vessels(sorry out of order) branch from second-order vessels

Thorascopy the insertion of an endoscope through a very small incision in the chest wall.
thrombectomy surgical removal of a thrombus
Thromboendarterectomy Surgical excision of a thrombus and atherosclerotic inner lining from an obstructed artery.
Thymus produces T lymphocytes, which are important to the body's immune function

Tibia Larger of the two lower leg bones
Tibial Plateau lower portion of the femur that articulates with the tibia.
Tissue-cultured autograft it is an autograft that was supplied by the laboratory. An autograft is the transplantation of tissue from the same individual.
tonsils located at the back of the throat; help fight infections
Total Mastectomy Surgical removal of the entire breast, including the pectoral fascia and a sampling of axillary lymph nodes.
Trachea Windpipe.
visual examinatino of the interior of the trachea and bronchus
Transposition of great vessels congenital reversal of the aorta and pumonary artery.
Transitional pass-through payments Temporary additonal payments(over and above the OPPS payments) made for certain innonvative medical devices, drugs,and biologicals provided to Medicare beneficiaries.
Transluminal angioplasty a procedure used to widen vessels narrowed by stenoses or occlusions through or across a vessel lumen.
Transluminal atherectomy excision of plaque from inside a blood vessel
Transmyocardial Revascularization procedure that uses a high-powered laser to create small channels in the heart muscle to increase blood supply to the myocardium
Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) Resection of the prostate gland via transurethral approach using an electrosurgical device
Transurethral ureteroscopic lithotripsy procedure in which a cystoscope is inserted through the urethra into the bladder and a ureteroscopic is passed into the ureters
Triangle symbol Located to the left of a code number identifies a code ddescription that has been revised.
truncus arteriosus congenital malformation in which just one artery arises from the heart to form the aorta and pulmonary artery
Tunneled Implanted
Unlisted procedure A code that is assigned to a procedure that the provider performs for which there is no CPT Code.
Unlisted Service A code that is assigned to a service that the provider performs for which there is no CPT Code.
Unlisted service or procedure
a service or procedure for which there is no assigned CPT or HCPCS code
Upper GI Endoscopy direct visualization of the esophagus and stomach
Urethra Muscular tube that discharges urine from the bladder to the outside fo the body.
Urinary System Consists of the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder and urethra.
Urinary Bladder Hollow organ that serves as a resevoir for urine until it passes from the body (via urination).
Ureterolithotomy surgical removal of stones from the ureter
Urethroplasty Surgical repair of the urethra.
Uroflowmetry measures the amount of urine that flows from the urinary bladder per second
valvular atresia valve fails to develop properly and is completely closed at birth
Valvular heart disease abnormality or dysfunction of one or more of the heart's four valves (aortic, mitral, pulmonary and/or tricuspid)
Valvular prolapse Two valvular flaps do not close properly, resulting in backflow of blood.
Valvulotomy Open heart surgery in which an incision is made into a valve to repair valvular damage

Valvular stenosis
** Sorry could not get a row to add in the correct alphabetical spot! **
narrowing of one or more of the cardiac valves

Valvular regurgitation backflow of blood because one or more cardiac valves closes improperly
Valvuloplasty plastic surgery to repair a valve, especially a cardiac valve, also called valvoplasty.
Vascular Family group of vessels that is accessed by the same first-order vessel and is supplied by the same primary branch from the aorta.

Wedge resection surgical removal of a portion of lung that is less than a segment
Venous valve transposition surgical procedures performed to treat chronic deep venous insufficiency.
Visceral arteries Supply blood to the intestines, liver, and spleen.
Volvulus twisting or displacement of intestine causing obstruction
Xenograft surgical transplantation of tissue from a different species

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